Egyptian Islamic Jihad
Egyptian Islamic extremist group active since
the late 1970s. Close partner of Bin Ladin's al-Qaida
organization. Suffered setbacks as a result of
numerous arrests of operatives worldwide, most
recently in Lebanon and Yemen. Primary goals are
to overthrow the Egyptian Government and replace
it with an Islamic state and attack US and Israeli
interests in Egypt and abroad.
Specializes in armed attacks against high-level
Egyptian Government personnel, including cabinet
ministers, and car-bombings against official US
and Egyptian facilities. The original Jihad was
responsible for the assassination in 1981 of Egyptian
President Anwar Sadat. Claimed responsibility
for the attempted assassinations of Interior Minister
Hassan al-Alfi in August 1993 and Prime Minister
Atef Sedky in November 1993. Has not conducted
an attack inside Egypt since 1993 and has never
targeted foreign tourists there. Responsible for
Egyptian Embassy bombing in Islamabad in 1995;
in 1998, planned attack against US Embassy in
Albania was thwarted.
Not known but probably has several hundred hard-core
Location/Area of Operation
Operates in the Cairo area. Has a network outside
Egypt, including Yemen, Afghanistan, Pakistan,
Sudan, Lebanon, and the United Kingdom.
Not known. The Egyptian Government claims that
both Iran and Bin Ladin support the Jihad. Also
may obtain some funding through various Islamic
nongovernmental organizations, cover businesses,
and criminal acts..