Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia
Established in 1964 as the military wing of the
Colombian Communist Party, the FARC is Colombia's
oldest, largest, most capable, and best-equipped
Marxist insurgency. The FARC is governed by a
secretariat, led by septuagenarian Manuel Marulanda,
a.k.a. "Tirofijo," and six others, including
senior military commander Jorge Briceno, a.k.a.
"Mono Jojoy." Organized along military
lines and includes several urban fronts. In 2000,
the group continued a slow-moving peace negotiation
process with the Pastrana Administration, which
has gained the group several concessions, including
a demilitarized zone used as a venue for negotiations.
Bombings, murder, kidnapping, extortion, hijacking,
as well as guerrilla and conventional military
action against Colombian political, military,
and economic targets. In March 1999 the FARC executed
three US Indian rights activists on Venezuelan
territory after it kidnapped them in Colombia.
Foreign citizens often are targets of FARC kidnapping
for ransom. Has well-documented ties to narcotics
traffickers, principally through the provision
of armed protection.
Approximately 9,000 to 12,000 armed combatants
and an unknown number of supporters, mostly in
Location/Area of Operation
Colombia with some activities--extortion, kidnapping,
logistics, and R&R--in Venezuela, Panama,
Cuba provides some medical care and political